TOP 10 CRIMINAL
1. What is an arraignment?
An arraignment is the first time the accused appears before the court
where the criminal
action is pending. The defendant is then informed of the charges
against him, the right to
counsel and bail issues.
2. What does ROR mean?
R.O.R. means released on (defendant's) own recognizance. This means
that the court
has decided that the defendant does not need to pay any money to be
released from jail
and the defendant will be released from jail with a promise that
he/she will return on the
next issued court date.
3. What is a temporary
order of protection?
A judge can issue a temporary order of protection, requiring the
defendant to limit contact
with victims, witnesses and spouses during the course of the case.
4. Should I talk to the
police when they call me into the station for questioning?
NO. You should not speak to the police without being represented by an
attorney's job is to protect the interests of his/her client.
5. Can I hire a lawyer, if
I don't have money?
YES. The court will assign you to The Legal Aid Society if financially
unable to afford
6. What is The Legal Aid
Society's Criminal Defense Division (CDD)?
The Criminal Defense Division handles criminal cases at the trial
level. These cases can
range from violations and misdemeanors to felonies. To be eligible for
The Legal Aid Society, the court must find that the defendant is
unable to retain private
counsel due to financial limitations. The Legal Aid Society is usually
assigned during the
7. What is a misdemeanor?
A misdemeanor means an offense, other than a traffic infraction, for
which a sentence to a
term of imprisonment in excess of fifteen days may be imposed, but for
which a sentence
to a term of imprisonment in excess of one year cannot be imposed.
NY Penal Law definition.
8. What is a felony?
A felony means an offence for which a sentence to a term of
imprisonment in excess of
one year may be imposed. NY Penal Law definition.
9. What is an A.C.D. (also
referred to as an A.C.O.D.)?
An. ACD or ACOD means an Adjournment in Contemplation of Dismissal.
the case is adjoUrlJe4: for six months or one year in anticipation of
dismissal and upon
successful completion of a condition that the court issued in order
for the case to be
dismissed. Some of these conditions include community service, orders
of protection and
10. What happens if I get
charged with unlawful possession of marihuana?
The NY Penal Law Section 221.05 states that, "Unlawful possession of
marihuana is a
violation punishable only by a fine of not more than one hundred
where the defendant has previously been convicted. ..of any other drug
(emphasis added) it shall be punishable by a fine of not more than two
dollars or a term of imprisonment not in excess of fifteen days or
both, if the defendant
was previously convicted of two such offenses committed during such